Transnational Serious Organised Crime and National Security: Intersection & Investigation

National Security College | Professional course
USA Federal agents serving search warrants in the Tucson on 3 Nov 2016 for drug trafficking


Transnational & Serious Organised Crime (TSOC) is sophisticated, borderless, pervasive and resilient. Join leading Australian and international leaders and academics for an update on TSOC. Gain insight into investigative techniques and the new challenges for countering this national security threat.

Course date: 
8.30am–5.30pm 9 August 2018
#132, Crawford Building, Lennox Crossing, ANU

The fee is $1,300 (GST ex) for Commonwealth participating agencies and NSC Partners. The open rate is $1,600 (GST ex).

Course overview

In the last decade, geopolitical shifts, technical convergence, and the emergence of significant non-state actors (such as terrorists or ‘super fixers’), have increased the extent to which TSOC intersects with, and therefore jeopardises, Australia’s national security. This course updates participants about the current state of TSOC; investigation, intelligence and legal challenges; Australia’s response (at state, federal and international levels); and critically examines the ‘so what’ for national security and law enforcement.

One key recent response is the formation of the Department of Home Affairs in December 2017. This portfolio unites the federal agencies responsible for domestic security, law enforcement and border security, as well as those that facilitate trade and legitimate travel and migration. This integrated capability has a mandate to investigate the expanding intersection points between national security and organised crime. From a federal perspective, Home Affairs is improving coordination and cooperation enabling information and intelligence sharing at a range of levels. Policing organised crime remains a federated responsibility across our States and Territories. The intersection between organised crime and national security has further catalysed the need for co-operation and improved communication between state, territory and federal capabilities.

Join leading Australian and international leaders and academics for an update on TSOC. Gain insight into investigative techniques and the new challenges for countering this national security threat. Understand the recent legislative changes, including for Home Affairs. Network with others from state, territory and federal jurisdictions. A policy options paper will be developed from this program.

Course convenor

Ms Sandra Bourke, Manager Course Design & Delivery

Sandra Bourke joined the National Security College in February 2018, on secondment the Home Affairs portfolio, as a Manager in the Executive and Professional Development team. Her career focus has been on intelligence, criminology and defence, in particular delivering and managing technology as an enabling capability for national security.

Sandra’s career commenced in 1990 as a serving AFP Detective before moving into intelligence management positions at the former National Crime Authority and at the NSW Police. Between 1996 and 1998, Sandra also taught theoretical criminology part time at the University of Western Sydney (undergraduate).

In 2004, Sandra helped establish and manage the first NSW Police Project Management Office. A highlight project was the establishment of the State Crime Command. This role led to broader PM experience in the private sector with a focus on technology. This included operational management at the Centre for Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism at Macquarie University (under Access MQ). Sandra is accredited as a Portfolio, Programme and Projects Office (P3O) Manager and as an Agile Scrum Master.

In 2011, Sandra took up the position of Director, Air Force Improvement at Headquarters Air Command. In 2015, Sandra was transferred to Canberra under the Defence Executive Development program. She recently returned to the criminal justice sector, focusing on ICT capabilities for national security. Sandra’s academic qualifications include a Bachelor of Arts (Education and Government) from the University of Sydney and a Masters of Social Science (Criminology) from Charles Sturt University. Sandra is currently enrolled in a Master of National Security Policy (Advanced) at the ANU NSC.

Course presenter(s)

Professor Peter Grabosky, Professor Emeritus - ARC Centre for Excellence in Policing and Security (CEPS), Crime, Policing, Security and Justice Group, Cybercrime Observatory, Security 21: International Centre for Security and Justice

Professor Peter Grabosky holds a PhD in Political Science from Northwestern University, and has written extensively on criminal justice and public policy. His general interests are in computer crime, policing, and regulatory failure. Peter is interested specifically in how non-governmental institutions may be harnessed in furtherance of public policy. Peter is a Fellow of the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia, and an Honorary Fellow of the Academy of Experimental Criminology. He was the 2006 winner of the Sellin-Glueck Award of the American Society of Criminology for contributions to comparative and international criminology, and the 2011 recipient of the Prix Hermann Mannheim, awarded by the International Centre of Comparative Criminology at the University of Montreal. He is a past president of the Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology, a former Deputy Secretary General of the International Society of Criminology, and is currently Vice President of the Asian Criminological Society. Over the course of his career, Peter has held a number of visiting appointments, including Russell Sage Fellow in Law and Social Science at Yale Law School (1976-78); Visiting Professor at the Institute of Comparative Law in Japan, Chuo University (1993); Visiting Expert for the United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders (UNAFEI) (1995; 1998); and Visiting Professor at the Chinese People’s Public Security University (1996; 2006). Peter was a Rapporteur on the Expert Working Group on Crimes Related to the Computer Network at the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Vienna (2000). From 1998 to 2002, Peter was President of the Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology. Peter was Co-Chair of the Crime and Justice Steering Group for The Campbell Collaboration 2007-2010. Peter’s recent books include: Crime and Terrorism (with Stohl) Sage Publications 2010) Lengthening the Arm of the Law (with Ayling and Shearing) (Cambridge University Press 2009); Electronic Crime (Pearson Prentice Hall 2007); and Cyber Criminals on Trial (_with Smith and Urbas) (Cambridge University Press 2004). The latter book won the Distinguished Book Award of American Society of Criminology’s Division of International Criminology.

Mr Mark Bishop MBE, Regional Commander for Australia and New Zealand, UK National Crime Agency

Mark Bishop commenced his career as an Executive Officer with Her Majesty’s Customs & Excise in 1992, initially on a mobile task force tackling smuggling and excise offences in Manchester. After 18 months, he was selected for the Investigation Division of HM Customs, and then worked on drug financial intelligence, financial confiscation casework and then an operational heroin target team, dealing with Turkish organised crime gangs importing heroin to the UK. In 1999, he was posted to the Combined Agency Border Intelligence Taskforce in Chicago, USA, to serve as the UK liaison officer alongside 12 other federal, state and local US agencies targeting drug trafficking and other serious organised crime. In 2002, Mark was redeployed as the Head of Office for HM Customs in Russia, covering Russia, Belarus and Ukraine for all fiscal, drug and crime matters, where the UK-Russia relationship developed rapidly with a number of joint operations and projects with host agencies. In 2006, Mark was sent to Kabul to be the Country Manager in charge of the largest station SOCA (now NCA) has anywhere in the network. With 30 UK officers, covering a number of projects and liaison work, Mark built an infrastructure and delivered projects throughout the country, including a number of law enforcement projects targeting the top end traffickers and corrupt individuals in Kabul and throughout Afghanistan, including work with agencies throughout the region such as the Drug Control Administration in Tajikistan. As the senior officer in country, Mark engaged and advised UK and Afghan Ministers, COMISAF and senior Whitehall staff on Afghan CN and wider regional issues. After two and a half years in Afghanistan, Mark then took leave to obtain an MA in Intelligence & International Security from Kings College, London, before returning to work in his current role as the Head of the Governance, Security & Projects Branch at the International Department of SOCA. His branch ran and maintained SOCA’s international platforms, oversaw International security issues and developed new intelligence opportunities from projects and cold cases. From late 2011 to mid 2013, Mark was Regional Director (Africa, Middle East and Asia/Pacific), managing and developing SOCA’s platforms and engagement throughout these regions. On the creation of the NCA in 2013, to July 2016, he was the international strategic advisor to the Director General of the NCA, and handled all Whitehall liaison / strategy / funding in respect of NCA’s International position with FCO, DFID, MOD and others, as well as representing NCA at the National Security Council, COBR and other Cabinet Office led committees. In July 2016, Mark was appointed to be the NCA’s first Regional Commander for Australia and New Zealand, opening the new office in Canberra to partner with Australian and New Zealand law enforcement, intelligence and other partners to tackle Serious Organised Crime threats. Mark continues to engage with academia after his MA, providing talks and lectures to a number of universities on the International dimension of law enforcement work, and has given a number of talks at specialist intelligence community events, as well as at the International Institute of Strategic Studies, where he is a member. He wrote a chapter for the Routledge Handbook on Transnational Crime, published in late 2010. Awarded an honour in the New Year’s Honours List in 2008, he has also received commendations from the National Crime Squad, DEA, CIA, US Customs, Secret Service and many others, and was awarded the ISAF medal and the Afghan Ministry of Interior medal for his service in Afghanistan, and other medals by the Russian Interior Ministry in 2006 for his work with them against transnational organised crime.

Mr Nick Kaldas

Mr Kaldas will provide the closing address for this program. He has extensive law enforcement experience in Australia and overseas. His previous positions include:

• Director of Internal Oversight Services, Amman, Jordan: Responsible for all investigations, audit, evaluation services of UNRWA, as well as Ethics Division. Responsible for those activities in five locations, (or as otherwise directed by the Commissioner General of UNRWA), including Jordan, Syria, Gaza, Lebanon and Westbank Field offices.

• Chief of investigation, Joint Investigative Mechanism, The Hague Area, Netherlands: Investigated the use of chemical weapons in the Syrian conflict, pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 2235 of 2015. Completed investigation and report submitted to Security Council and accepted.

• Deputy Commissioner, Field Operations, NSW Police Force: Commanded all six geographical Regions in the Force, as well as Major Events and Incidents Group, (including Public Order and Riot Squad); State Crime Command (all organised and major crime Squads and intelligence, oversighting all major investigations); and Operational Programs, (Policy and research units) in all, around 14,000 staff, budget for command over $2 billion. Relieved extensively in the role of Commissioner, NSWPF. Also held the role of State Emergency Operations Controller for all of NSW, commanding all planning, preparation and operations in Emergency Management. Was also Corporate Spokesperson (sponsor) for all Multicultural issues, since 2007, dealing with community outreach and engagement activities on behalf of the NSW Police Force.

• Deputy Commissioner, Specialist Operations, NSW Police Force: Responsible for overall Command of diverse units, including Counter Terrorism and Special Tactics (see below), Forensic Services, Special Services Group (all covert operational areas and Marine and Air Commands), State Crime Command (all major and organised crime investigative Squads & intelligence), Business Technology Services, Professional Standards Command, Police Prosecutors, and Operational Communication and Information Command. Represented the State on the National Counter Terrorism Committee during this post.

• Chief of Investigations, Special Tribunal for Lebanon, United Nations: Granted a year’s leave of absence, selected and appointed by the UN as Chief of Investigations for the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, investigating the assassination of former Prime Minister Hariri, and 21 other assassinations of political, military, and media figures in Lebanon. Led a truly multi-national team, in a sensitive international investigation with significant geo-political implications for the Mid-East, conducted under the intense glare of media and public attention in the region. Five individuals indicted, and Trial currently underway in The Hague.

• Assistant Commissioner, Counter Terrorism and Special Tactics, NSW Police Force: Responsibility and command for the central body responsible for prevention, preparedness and response to high risk situations and all acts of terrorism in New South Wales, including counter terrorism investigations, intelligence, dignitary protection operations, the witness protection program, tactical teams and operations, bomb disposal and rescue units, Police Dog unit, (Hostage) Negotiation Unit, Police Armoury, critical infrastructure protection programs, and (CT) community contact and business liaison staff.

Ms Szabina Horvath, ANU College of Law

Ms Szabina Horvath is currently a Sir Roland Wilson Scholar and has recently commenced her PhD at the Australian National University.  Her thesis topic is Australia’s extraterritorial human rights obligations with a focus on those obligations during times of armed conflict.  Szabina completed her Masters in International Law at the Australian National University in 2005 and has worked on international legal matters for the Australian Government since 2007. While with the Attorney-General’s Department she was seconded to the Office on International Law, where she worked on a variety of international legal issues, including matters of national security.  During her time with the Department of Defence she continued to be engaged in the national security matters.  Szabina has provide a range of strategic and legal advices on international, security and military law matters. As a Lieutenant in the Royal Australian Naval Reserve, Szabina has participated in military exercises where she has provided tactical and operational legal advice. Szabina has also represented the Australian Government at a range of international meetings and forums, during her time with the Department of Defence and the Attorney-General’s Department.

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