The CVE-CT Spectrum

National Security College | Professional course
The CVE-CT Spectrum


This course considers the spectrum of policy tools and responses: how we might prevent the growth of violent extremism as well as disrupt terrorist planning and counter attacks.

#132 Crawford Building, Lennox Crossing, ANU

A fee of $2,250 (GST ex) applies to this course for Commonwealth participating agencies and NSC Partners. The open rate is $2,700 (GST ex).

Course overview

The course considers the implications of our policy and operational responses across a spectrum from social cohesion through to disruption of terrorist actions. You will receive a comprehensive, up-to date overview of the nature of the terrorist threat in Australia and internationally, as well as the range of policy and operational responses. This will be balanced with the latest research and policy developments related to the difficult policy challenges around countering violent extremism.

You will be informed by leading international researchers who are guiding international policy responses. Presenters from the senior ranks of the public service, academia, the private sector and community groups will examine key policy questions in the light of social cohesion, and trends in terrorism.

Scope and content

The course will consider complex policy questions, including:

  • What constitutes violent extremism? How does this interact with terrorism, criminality, radicalisation (including in prisons) and normal dissent?

  • What is the nature and scale of violent extremism as a security threat in Australia?

  • What can Australia learn from the experience of other countries and vice versa?

  • How does CVE fit with counter-terrorism approaches?

  • What are the roles and responsibilities of state and federal governments, law enforcement, business and the community?

The course is designed to lay out the developments in thinking that have led to CVE-CT being seen as a spectrum. It will emphasise the importance of an interconnected systems approach (between states, the Commonwealth, and international partners). It will cover a current threat assessment for terrorism in Australia including drivers and dynamics, threat indicators and the implications for agencies looking to counter threats.

The course will consider communications as a key battlefield, providing a picture of the latest research on Jihadist propaganda, but also looking at strategic communications as an offensive and defensive tool for governments. Participants will also examine the evolution of thinking and practice across CVE and CT. The subject matter will draw heavily on international and national case studies to identify what has worked and what hasn’t.

Who should attend?

This course is designed for officials and security practitioners at all levels from departments and agencies involved in or requiring an understanding of CVE approaches and CT responses. State and territory government officials, police force members and professionals from other organisations dealing with CVE and CT are encourage to participate.

“The CVE course not only reflects the importance and seriousness of this vital work. As a course participant you gain a genuine understanding of where CVE currently is in the global sphere and most importantly, where it needs to go.”

Course details

• Two day non-residential, fully-catered program.
• An ANU parking permit will be supplied.
• Course Timings 8:30am - 5:00pm


Please contact us at for further information and to obtain the registration form.

“Comprehensive yet presented in a simple, interactive and thoroughly enjoyable manner. Of note was the quality, passion and international scope of the researchers, academics, policy makers and public servants who presented. I would highly recommended this course for anyone interested in or working within the field of CVE.”

Course convenor

Ms Sandra Bourke

Sandra Bourke joined the National Security College in February 2018, on secondment from the ACIC - Home Affairs, as a Manager in the Executive and Professional Development team. Her career focus has been on intelligence, criminology and defence, in particular delivering and managing technology as an enabling capability for national security.

Sandra’s career commenced in 1990 as a serving AFP Detective before moving into intelligence management positions at the former National Crime Authority and at the NSW Police. Between 1996 and 1998, Sandra also taught theoretical criminology part time at the University of Western Sydney (undergraduate).

In 2004, Sandra helped establish and manage the first NSW Police Project Management (PM) Office. A highlight project was the establishment of the State Crime Command. This role led to broader PM experience in the private sector with a focus on technology. This included operational management at the Centre for Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism at Macquarie University (under Access MQ). Sandra is accredited as a Portfolio, Programme and Projects Office (P3O) Manager and as an Agile Scrum Master.

In 2011, Sandra took up the position of Director, Air Force Improvement at Headquarters Air Command. In this position, Sandra and her team worked to improve national capability management across the RAAF Force Element Groups. In 2015, after completing the Defence Career Development Assessment Centre, Sandra transferred to Canberra under the Executive Development program. She recently returned to the criminal justice sector at the ACIC, focusing on ICT capabilities for national security. Sandra’s academic qualifications include a Bachelor of Arts (Education and Government) from the University of Sydney and a Masters of Social Science (Criminology) from Charles Sturt University.

Course presenter(s)

Ms Jacinta Carroll

Jacinta Carroll joined the National Security College as the Director, National Security Policy, in August 2017. She is a member of NSC’s Futures Council and works across the NSC’s professional development, policy and academic programs.

Previously, Jacinta was the inaugural Head of ASPI’s Counter Terrorism Policy Centre, a position she held since August 2015. Jacinta joined ASPI from the Australian Government where she had held a variety of Senior Executive appointments, and worked in the Department of Defence and the Attorney-General’s Department. Her career experience includes working on national security, counter-terrorism, strategic policy, border security, military operations, campaign planning and scenario development, information management, and international policy with a particular focus on the Middle East and Afghanistan; she has served in Iraq.

Jacinta is a graduate of the Australian National University, has post-graduate qualifications in management from Flinders University, and holds Masters degrees from the University of Sydney and Deakin University. Her Masters theses examined United Nations Peacekeeping, and Asia-Pacific Regional Security. She is a graduate of the Australian Defence College’s Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies. She is a Graduate of the Australian Institute of Company Directors and the Australian Graduate School of Management, and serves on a number of boards including the United Service Institute - ACT. She has completed the Defence and Industry Study Course, the Australian Public Sector Management Course and the Middle East Diplomats course at the Truman Institute, Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Professor Michele Grossman

Professor Michele Grossman stepped down in March 2017 as Director, Centre for Cultural Diversity and Wellbeing, to take up a new role as Professorial Research Chair in Diversity and Community Resilience at Deakin University’s Alfred Deakin Institute.

Michele continues to serve as Honorary Professor of Cultural Studies in the College of Arts and Education, where she supervises PhD students and collaborates with VU colleagues on research projects. Michele continues to be available on her VU email address.

Michele earned her doctoral degree in Cultural Studies from Monash University. Her research expertise lies in cultural diversity and community engagement, particularly in the context of countering terrorism and violent extremism.

Michele’s research has a strong focus on questions of cultural identity, resources and strengths in harnessing community resilience to contemporary social challenges, including racism and discrimination, refugee resettlement, youth-police relations and social violence. She is also interested in the cultural dimensions of new communication technologies, including multimodal analysis, visual semiotics and the role of transcultural meaning-making.

Michele’s recent research has produced a series of projects, articles and reports addressing:

community perceptions of radicalisation and extremism the role of cultural identities in fostering community-based ‘resilience capital’ thresholds for community reporting to authorities the role of women and families in influencing both support for and resistance to violent extremism. These and related projects are supported by a range of government and community partners and funding organisations including:

Victoria Police Australian Federal Police Australian Multicultural Foundation Attorney-General’s Department Victorian Arabic Social Services Defence Science and Technology Group, and others.

Ms Anooshe Mushtaq

Anooshe is a first generation Australian of Pakistani origin. She spent her early years in Pakistan and in Libya on posting with her family. Since her arrival in Western Sydney, Anooshe has experienced first-hand the changing cultural landscape of Australia. Based on her own experience, Anooshe offers an insight into how multicultural Australia has changed over the last 30 years and a perspective on the religious and cultural drivers of Muslim radicalisation in Australia.

Anooshe is an accomplished public speaker and writer. She is a regular speaker at national security conferences on the topic of counter terrorism, building social cohesion, social media extremism, Islamic State’s recruitment strategies, countering violent extremism and Muslim youth radicalisation.

Anooshe is Chair and founder of The Raqīb Taskforce. The Raqīb Taskforce is a Muslim-led, diverse organisation that builds social inclusion through engagement across the Australian community in a manner designed to dispel extremist messages that exist within the public domain. Raqīb is developing social inclusion narratives countering hate speech and extreme messages. Our supporting partners are Google, YouTube, Love Frankie, Vice productions and Australian Film Television And Radio School.

Anooshe’s research is based on Australian Muslim culture, integration of Muslim youth with mainstream Australian society, violent extremist ideology and Australian Government policies to combat violent extremism. She publishes regularly in The Australian, Sydney Morning Herald, The Age, Huffington Post, ABC News, Australian Security Magazine and Security Solution Magazine.

Anooshe is currently studying Masters of Terrorism and Security at Charles Sturt University. She is an Associate Member of the Australian Institute of Professional Intelligence Officers (AIPIO) and a Research Associate at the Australian Security Research Centre (ASRC).

Anooshe is also an advisor on the matters of preventing Islamic radicalisation to Australian Government, Police and a consultant to charities and social welfare organisations working with vulnerable members of the Australian Muslim community.

Mr Shandon Harris-Hogan

Before founding Radar Solutions, Shandon worked as a researcher at the Global Terrorism Research Centre (Monash University) and as an analyst for the Australian government. A graduate of Monash University’s Masters of International Relations program, Shandon is currently an Adjunct Fellow at Victoria University.

Shandon’s work focuses on understanding radicalisation and analysing the structure of terrorist networks. Such work has been published in a number of leading academic journals including Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, Terrorism and Political Violence and Behavioural Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression. In 2014 he was named the Future Strategic Writer of the year by the Institute for Regional Security.

Shandon’s applied research focuses on helping to facilitate disengagement from violent extremism through the design, implementation and evaluation of CVE programs and policy.

Since 2010 he has been involved in over a dozen successful Counter-Terrorism and Countering Violent Extremism applied research grants (more than half as lead or co-lead researcher) with partner agencies including the Australian Federal Police, the Federal Attorney-General’s Department and the Australia New Zealand Counter-Terrorism Committee.

Shandon has also delivered presentations at a range of international and domestic academic conferences, lectured in post-graduate university courses and briefed high level government and police officials on issues relating to terrorism, security and international relations.

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Updated:  21 June 2017/Responsible Officer:  Head of College, National Security College/Page Contact:  Web administrator