A 2020 Vision for Five Eyes: New Structures for New Challenges

In the latest NSC Policy Options Paper, William A. Stoltz explores a 2020 vision for Five Eyes.


Key points:

  • Five Eyes has been a primarily operational grouping, but it is starting to broaden collaboration – particularly to address COVID-19 recovery.
  • Five Eyes needs new planning structures if it is to undertake more concerted, strategic initiatives.
  • To address the greatest security challenges to the liberal international order, like-minded nations must collaborate on new frontiers – including geoeconomics, cyber and critical technologies, and strategic diplomacy.
  • There is momentum for a broader coalition of democracies (like a ‘D-10’) to address these global challenges, but there are major barriers to the formation and success of such a group.

Policy recommendations

  • The Australian Government should leverage its Five Eyes partnerships and credibility as a constructive middle power to advocate for an expanded, more formally coordinated Five Eyes.
  • A Five Eyes Leaders Summit should be established, informed by a Secretariat which would develop options for new joint activities and strategic planning.
  • An expanded, more strategic Five Eyes should be used as the nucleus for a global coalition of democracies.


A 2020 Vision for Five Eyes: New Structures for New Challenges

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